AGA


AGA
AGA, family name of Crimean Karaites, originating in the title given to the holder of an important office (Turk.). The first person to go under this name was Samuel ben Abraham (1717–1770), the son of abraham ben josiah yerushalmi , the prominent Karaite scholar of the Crimea. Samuel lived in Chufut-Kale and was the leader of its community, also known by the title rosh ha-golah (exilarch). He was a "court Jew" in the court of Tatar Khan Qirim Giray, who appointed Samuel to mint coins for the Khanate in 1768. Samuel protected the interests of his community before the officials. He wrote a number of liturgical poems and some of them were included in the Karaite siddurs. Unknown persons murdered him on his way from Bakhchisarai, the capital of the Khanate, near Chufut-Kale. He had three sons: Eliezer, Benjamin, and Simḥah. His son BENJAMIN AGA (d. 1824) was a leader and intercessor for the community of Chufut-Kale. He also was appointed to mint coins for the Khanate in the court by the new Khan, Shahin Giray. In 1781 Benjamin leased the custom duties on the sale of wine. He became one of the Khan's unofficial court advisers. Like his father, he protected his community's interests. In 1777 he succeeded in annulling a harmful decree of Devlet Giray, the pretender to the Khan's throne, who falsely accused the Karaites of stealing the Khan's money. Benjamin corresponded with Karaite leaders of Poland, Lithuania, Constantinople, and Jerusalem and financially supported their communities in times of distress. Following the Russian annexation of the Crimea he continued to serve as the official head of the community and to represent it before the Russian authorities. In 1795 Benjamin was chosen together with two other community leaders of the Crimean Karaites to travel to St. Petersburg on a special mission to the government. Their delegation won exemption for Crimean Karaites from the double taxation imposed on all the Jews of the Russian Empire, and to secure other rights, such as the purchase of immovable property. In 1806 Benjamin reestablished, together with his brother Simḥah, a publishing house in Chufut-Kale. Benjamin was an expert in Karaite halakhah and an authority on the Karaite calendar. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Akhiezer, in: M.Polliack (ed.), Karaite Judaism (2003), 737–39; F.E. Miller and J.S. Luzki, Iggeret Teshu'at Yisrael (1993); S. Poznanski, Ha-Kara'i Avraham ben Yoshiyahu Yerushalmi (1894), 5; S. Pigit, Iggeret Nidhḥei Shemuel (1894), 6–10; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), 1535, 1582, index. (Golda Akhiezer (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • agă — ÁGĂ, agi s.m. (înv.) 1. Ofiţer (comandant) din armata otomană. 2. Titlu dat comandantului pedeştrilor însărcinaţi cu paza oraşului de reşedinţă, iar ulterior şefului agiei. 3. Persoană care avea titlul de agă (1, 2). [var.: agá, agale s.f.] – Din …   Dicționar Român

  • aga — aga; aga·lac·tia; aga·lax·ia; aga·mete; aga·mo·gen·e·sis; aga·mog·o·ny; aga·mo·spe·cies; aga·mo·spore; aga·pe·tae; aga·pe·ti; aga·ve; aga·ve·worm; aga·vose; aga·ma; aga·lac·tic; aga·lac·tous; aga·mo ; aga·mo·ge·net·ic; aga·mo·ge·net·i·cal·ly; …   English syllables

  • aga — agá o aga 1. Originalmente, ‘individuo que, en ciertos países musulmanes, desempeña una jefatura, especialmente de carácter militar’: «El agá hizo arrojar por sobre las murallas el siniestro crucifijo» (Lugones Milagro [Arg. 1906]). Hoy se emplea …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • AGA — steht für: Aga (Titel), osmanischer Titel Aga Khan, Teil eines persischen Fürstentitels Aga (Gera), Stadtteil von Gera Aga Herd, besonderer, gußeiserner Küchenherd Die Abkürzung AGA bzw. Aga steht für: Advanced Graphics Architecture, einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AGA — (Advanced Graphics Architecture)  название графического чипсета, применяемого в третьем поколении классических моделей компьютера Amiga (второе поколение использовало чипсет ECS). Содержание 1 История 2 Описание 3 …   Википедия

  • AGA — is a three letter acronym that may refer to: * AGA (automobile) * AGA AB, a Swedish industrial gas company * AGA cooker * Advanced Graphics Architecture, Commodore Amiga graphics chipset * Al Massira Airport, Agadir, Morocco, from its IATA… …   Wikipedia

  • Aga — steht für: Aga (Gera), Stadtteil von Gera Aga Khan (Titel), Teil eines persischen Fürstentitels Aga (Shuicheng) (阿嘎乡), Gemeinde im Kreis Shuicheng in der chinesischen Provinz Guizhou AGA Herd, besonderer, gusseiserner Küchenherd Aga Kröte, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aga — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aga — 〈m. 6; in der früheren Türkei〉 oV Agha 1. unterer feudaler u. Offiziersrang 2. türk. Gutsbesitzer od. Kaufmann [türk., „Herr“] * * * Aga, der; [s], s [türk. ağa = Herr] (früher): Titel höherer, dann auch niederer Offiziere u. Zivilbeamter in der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • aga — àga m <G mn ȃgā> DEFINICIJA pov. 1. vlasnik obradive zemlje u Osmanskom Carstvu [ovaj ag a; <mn> ove age]; posjednik 2. a. naslov zapovjednika osmanske regularne vojske ili svakog onog koji ne pripada inteligenciji i plemstvu, dodaje… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • AGA AB — AGA AB, previously AB Gas accumulator and AB Svenska Gasaccumulator , was a Swedish industrial gas company founded in 1904. Nobel Prize laureate Gustaf Dalén was instrumental in the success of the company. Important inventions included the AGA… …   Wikipedia


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